Incorrect usage of C-Terms – Incoterms 2010

One problem in Incoterms 2010 concerns the correct usage of CFR and CIF and the question – who pays for the terminal handling charges at the port of import? To Read more…

Article 14d UCP 600 for Letters of Credits

The rules that apply to Letters of Credit are known collectively as UCP 600.  However, there are challenges with some of the rules (also known as articles). When the Uniform Read more…

Form M shipments to Nigeria

Shipments to Nigeria, especially those being shipped by sea freight, must be shipped under a Form M.  The Form M is instigated by the Nigerian importer and issued through their Read more…