New rules for Nigerian Manufacturer’s Certificate of Production

New rules established recently by the Nigerian Standards decree that all pro-forma invoices that are sent, especially those pertaining to Documentary Credits, must be accompanied by an attached copy of Read more…

Nigerian Manufacturer’s Certificates of Production

To eradicate the dumping of sub-standard goods, fake products and also control the movement out of the country of hard currencies, the Nigerian Government initiated pre-shipment inspections for all imports Read more…

Export Documents – Packing Lists

New time exporters (and people who have exported before) often get confused about packing lists. The function of a packing list is to provide an accurate listing of the goods Read more...

Form M shipments to Nigeria

Shipments to Nigeria, especially those being shipped by sea freight, must be shipped under a Form M.  The Form M is instigated by the Nigerian importer and issued through their Read more…

The importance of Pro-forma invoices

There are certain documents which play a vital, but often understated and misunderstood role in export contracts – one is the pro-forma invoice.  More often than not, the submission of Read more…

Title to Goods and Bills of Lading

An original Ocean Bill of Lading, as well as being a receipt for the goods given by the carrier and evidence of the contract of carriage, is also a negotiable Read more…

Certificates of Conformity for Qatar

A lot of Governments are now much more protective (and rightly so) about the quality of goods which are being imported into their Countries.  This means that an increasing number Read more…

Special document requirements for used car shipments from UK to Kenya, Uganda, Zambia & Malta

The shipment of used vehicles to Kenya, Uganda, Zambia and Malta from the UK now requires pre-shipment inspection and certification from JEVIC (Japanese Export Vehicle Inspection Centre) whose UK offices Read more…

Cargo Tracking Note (CTN)

The Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA) requires validated and endorsed Cargo Tracking Notes (CTN) for all consignments (including groupage consignments within containers) to Nigeria. This came into effect on 11th January Read more…

Certificates of Conformity

A number of countries require specialist certification which relates to verifying the quality and safety of imported goods prior to export. These documents are normally known as Certificates of Conformity Read more…

Letters of Indemnity (Bills of Lading)

When goods are shipped by sea freight, A Bill of Lading is issued. A true Bill of Lading (there are a number of documents issued called Bills of Lading which Read more…

ATR1, “House” Bills of Lading and Turkish Import Procedures

We recently completed a sea freight shipment consisting of one 40’ GP container which travelled from Canada to Turkey. Whilst organizing the initial contract and the shipment, three queries were Read more…

Manufacturer’s Certificates of Production for Nigeria

Virtually all Nigerian Letters of Credit now require Manufacturer’s Certificates of Production as part of the documentary presentations. These Certificates need to be issued by the manufacturer of the item Read more…

“To Order” Endorsements on Bills of Lading

When a Letter of Credit asks for Bills of Lading with a phrase such as “Bills of Lading made out To Order and Blank Endorsed” this means that the Consignee Read more…

Managing Performance Guarantees

A Performance Guarantee (sometimes known as a Performance Bond) is often required when the customer has either paid funds upfront or guaranteed funds through a Letter of Credit, but wants Read more…

Freight Collect statements on Bills of Lading

A Letter of Credit for shipment of goods to Algeria by seafreight has the instruction for the Bills of Lading to include a “Freight to Collect’ notation. Such notations are Read more…