Nigerian Manufacturer’s Certificates of Production

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To eradicate the dumping of sub-standard goods, fake products and also control the movement out of the country of hard currencies, the Nigerian Government initiated pre-shipment inspections for all imports into Nigeria in the last few decades of the 20th Century.  After complaints that the system was too rigid (and also because it was costly), at the beginning of the 21st Century, the Nigerian Government changed pre-inspection requirements and instead requested the mandatory submission of a Manufacturer’s Certificate of Production with all Letter of Credit shipments.

From recent enquiries received, there appears to be a misunderstanding about what, exactly, a Manufacturer’s Certificate of Production is.  Essentially, this is a document issued by the original manufacturer of the goods, usually on their headed paper, describing the goods in question and detailing out any standards that were used to verify the quality of the goods.  These standards can be anything (depending on the type of goods) from electrical production standards, ISO 9001, EU certification, etc.  The important point here is that the document can ONLY be issued by the manufacturer of the goods.  It is not a document that can be issued by anyone else.

The problems arise when the goods are, for example, mass produced items, second hand items, scrapped items or reconditioned items.  Trying to get a Manufacturer’s Certificate of Production from Apple for 1 x Apple Mac is virtually impossible.  If a product has been manufactured a relatively long time ago and the manufacturer is no longer in business, then again, obtaining a Manufacturer’s Certificate of Production could be an impossibility.

Therefore, anyone thinking of supplying goods to Nigeria under a Documentary Credit, MUST first verify whether they can obtain a Manufacturer’s Certificate of Production for their goods, because this Certificate is a required document to allow the goods to be imported through Nigerian Customs.  If the answer is No, then don’t do the business, because otherwise not only will the presentation of documents against the Credit be discrepant and unacceptable to both the Issuing Bank and the Applicant, but the costs of getting back the cargo from a Nigerian Port could be very costly, in terms of freight, demurrage and storage charges.

Maria Narancic from Point to Point Export Services is an independent international trade adviser who assists organisations world wide with their international trade projects, documentation, Documentary Credits and import/export training. She is based in the United Kingdom. If you require any further assistance with the matters mentioned above, please do contact us by e-mail on or to access other articles on International Trade matters please do check out our website at


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